Central America’s Access to Clean Water and the Effects on the Child Mortality Rate
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Access to clean water sources can be an important factor in a child’s health. Many infectious intestinal diseases that can lead to death are spread through contaminated water sources. Whether or not having access to clean water sources has an affect on the percentage of children that die due to intestinal infectious diseases is relatively undetermined. The United Nations Millennium Developmental Goals (MDGs) are working to end poverty in the world; several of their goals involve these factors. The data that has been collected by the United Nations was used in order to determine if these factors are improving in the seven countries that make up Central America. The data for the years 1990, 2000 and 2008 were studied because the MDG’s starting date was in 1990 and the most recent data available at the time of this study was 2008. Although significant change was detected in the ten years between 1990 and 2000, no statistically significant change was shown between 2000 and 2008. This information is important not only for the United Nations in their effort to end poverty by 2015, but it is important for development organizations and government organizations trying to improve the livelihood of impoverished people. Having a healthy population increases a countries economic strength and its competitiveness in the global market; clean water resources and a reduced child mortality rate are direct ways to accomplish this.
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