The Effects of Implementing a Behavior Modification Program on Second Grade Children
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The purpose of this study was to determine whether or not the effects of a behavior modification program, restitution, improved the way children manage their behavior in an elementary school setting. According to Gossen (1996), restitution is a collaborative process, which teaches children to find solutions to their problems. Throughout the process, the child is moved from avoiding discomfort to building quality into his interactions with others. It is a proactive method of controlling behavior. Students were observed over a three week period displaying several misbehaviors such as chasing, kicking, hitting, name-calling, inattentiveness, tapping pencils or other materials, getting out of seat, rocking on the chair and showing disrespect toward other students or adults. After baseline data of the inappropriate behaviors were obtained from threesecond grade students, restitution was implemented. The results indicated that the participants' misbehaviors were reduced during intervention to baseline levels. Student observations and the intervention of restitution took place during the last three-week period of this study. This process provided the students with problem solving techniques and skills needed on a daily basis. According to the data, a stable baseline was not achieved, therefore, there were no observed differences. However, the results suggest that restitution is a manageable program that can be incorporated into a classroom and that it teaches students how to resolve many of their behavioral situations and to manage their behavior.
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