Prevalence and Usage Patterns of Oral Creatine Supplementation Among Wisconsin High School Athletes
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The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence and usage patterns of creatine supplementation of southeastern Wisconsin high school athletes. A total of 254 high school athletes participated in the study. The subjects completed a 22-question survey asking about creatine familiarity, usage patterns, sports participation, and use of other nutritional supplements. Creatine was used by 9% of the participants, while 55% had never heard of creatine. Forty-six percent of creatine users began supplementation in their sophomore high school year. The majority of creatine users (82%) did not adjust their conditioning programs to optimize the effects of creatine. One-way -l analyses were used to determine any significant difference between supplement users and sport involvement (x2 [1,22]=8.9, Q< 0.05) and conditioning adjustments (x2 [1,22]=5.76, Q< 0.05). The analyses revealed a significant difference between these variables.
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