The Role of Parents, Schools and Delinquent Associates in At-Risk Behavior Among Adolescents
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This study demonstrates how the relationships between school, family and peers may influence substance abuse among adolescents. Secondary analysis and data from the State of Wisconsin for a sample of 1325 students aged between 12 and 18 years old supports the hypotheses that parental and school attachments play a significant role and contribute to lowering or increasing substance abuse tendencies among high school students. In the same way, peer influence is also determining because at this stage of their lives, adolescents are in quest of their identity and tend to mingle with those who have similar interests or share the same characteristics. Regardless of race, the more adolescents are committed to school, the lesser their risk for substance abuse. In the same way, the better their relationship with their family the less likely they are to use drugs. Overall, the use of marijuana is especially high among Caucasian adolescents. African-American adolescents are at a higher risk than are Caucasian adolescents when it comes to sexual activity. The study examines substance abuse patterns among Caucasian and African-American adolescents. These findings are aimed at serving as guidelines for future research on youth substance abuse.
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