The Effects of Animal-Assisted Therapy on Special Needs Children
The purpose of this study was to determine whether or not animal-assisted therapy, using a certified therapy dog, Luke, would improve the disruptive classroom behaviors of middle school students diagnosed with emotional behavioral disabilities. Animal-assisted therapy consisted of activities in which an animal, that meets specific criteria, is an integral part in helping people reach goals and improvement in emotional, physical, social, and intellectual skills. Each of the three student subjects had different disruptive classroom behaviors that were targeted for improvement. The intervention variable was the animal-assisted therapy sessions with Luke. This single-subject experimental research design using qualitative descriptive analysis consisted of a baseline, intervention, and maintenance phase for each student. A graph was generated for each student showing the number of minutes or times the disruptive classroom behaviors occurred during each phase. When analyzing the data obtained from the classroom observation sessions overall, it was found that the number of minutes or times the occurrences of the three students' disruptive classroom behaviors decreased. Also, the animal-assisted activities selected by each student during the intervention phase were recorded. It was found that all three of the students preferred two of the same animal-assisted activities consistently out of the four activities offered. Therefore, this study, which supports similar animal-assisted therapy research, indicated that animal-assisted therapy could have a positive impact on the behavior of emotional behavioral disabled middle school students.
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Spangler, Kim (2015)Starting with the standard special triangles, the 30 – 60 – 90 and the 45 – 45 – 90, we discovered other special triangles. A special triangle is one that has angle values and side lengths that can be expressed exactly. ...