Judging in Springboard Diving
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Earlier research on diving has shown evidence of nationalistic favoritism and reputation bias. Research on other sports such as gymnastics, figure skating, basketball, and Taekwondo has shown that referee bias and judging differences can change the outcome of competitions. The purpose of this study was to identify the diving elements that judges look for when judging springboard diving at the High School Division 1 and College Division 3 levels. The researcher investigated how judges score dives during competition and the compared judging at the high school level to judging at the college level. The present study used a mixed methods research design with open-ended interviews and descriptive statistics. The participants of the study were diving coaches and judges from Division One High Schools and Division Three Colleges in the Midwest. The results of this study showed that the differences between judges scoring at the high school and judges scoring at the college level were not statistically significant. However, there are differences in the way that judges at each level explain their scoring and differences in what judges look for when they are scoring diving. Recommendations for further research are also discussed.