The Effects of Background Classical Music on Time-On-Task For ADD/ADHD Students
MetadataShow full item record
The purpose of this study was to find out what effect classical background music has on assisting children with diagnosed ADD/ ADHD to maintain a focus and increase their time-on-task while working in a seventh grade science classroom. The subjects were four students who had been diagnosed as having attention deficit disorder (ADD) or attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity (ADHD). The treatment variable was the music tape, The Mozart Effect Music for Children, compiled and sequenced by Don Campbell. This was a single-subject type of experimental research with an A-B-A-B design. During the A phases no background music was played, and during the B phases the tape was played while students were reading and working on the accompanying questions. When analyzing the data for time-on-task while reading, it was found that the four students did not share any common results. Only one of the four actually showed an increase in time-on-task for both music phases. However, the second set of data showed more positive results. When the data was analyzed for the percent of assignment completion during work times, all four subjects showed an increase in the average percent of assignment completion for the music phases over the previous nonmusic phases. This research indicated that classical music can have a positive impact on the classroom environment as ADD/ ADHD and regular education students alike, seemed to benefit positively from it when working on written assignments.