Education Equity for Low Income School Districts in Wisconsin
SubjectsEquity; education; Low Income School Districts; Equal Educational Opportunities Act; EEOA; Wisconsin
School budgets are being cut on every level throughout Wisconsin and other states. Due to current public school funding, the amount of income that schools are given to operate with is based on revenue caps calculated by property values and a small amount from the state funding based on the number of students in the district. This method of public school funding has caused a drastic disparity between low income and wealthier school districts. Schools in low income school districts have fewer resources compared to high income school districts, thereby providing an unequal opportunity for education. The federal Equal Educational Opportunities Act (EEOA) of 1974 required that all students have an equal opportunity for education. With the current public school funding system, this study investigated whether this law is being upheld in Wisconsin. The researcher compared low income school district’s standardized test scores to high income school district’s scores. One hundred Wisconsin school district financial reports and test score percentages were analyzed to determine whether there is a difference in educational opportunities. The school data was collected from public sources and a t test was done to determine the significance between test scores of school districts with high cost per pupil expenses and low cost per pupil. The study found significant evidence that low income school districts have lower test score percentages than high income school districts.
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