Comparison of Life Cycle Assessments of Grass Fed Beef, In Vitro Beef, and Plant Based Substitute Beef
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Our individual environmental impact is composed of a variety of aspects within our lifestyles. Where we source our food from is a major component in our overall environmental impact. Industrial agriculture is a main source of food for many, however the resources we obtain from it vary in environmental impact. As more individuals become aware of this, many resort to altering their diets in partial effort to reduce their ecological footprints. The purpose of this study was to analyze three sources of beef like protein to determine the most environmentally sustainable option a consumer could choose. Additionally, economic feasibility and nutritional value of each protein source was addressed in this study as this information plays a vital role in one’s dietary choices. Life cycle analyses were conducted in order to assess the environmental impact of traditionally harvested beef, a plant based substitute, and a new technology, In-vitro beef. The total amount of carbon emissions, water consumption, and energy consumption of a quarter pound serving of each protein source were also compared.