COLLECTIVE SELF-DEFENSE: WHY THE REINTERPRETATION OF ARTICLE 9 OF THE JAPANESE CONSTITUTION WILL NOT LEAD TO THE REVIVAL OF IMPERIAL JAPAN
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Japan has resisted participation in collective self-defense with its allies for decades, citing Article 9 of the Japanese constitution, the which renounces the right of Japan to conduct warfare. The interpretation that was used allowed Japan to practice individual self-defense, but did not allow for collective self-defense with allies. However, as of July 1st , 2014, Article 9 was reinterpreted to allow for collective self-defense as well. This decision was met with strong opposition from other countries in the East Asian region, such as China, South Korea, and North Korea. These countries worry that the reinterpretation of Article 9 is a step closer to a Japan with a normalized military and a future confrontation with Japan. However, upon analysis of the concerns that these countries have about Japan and the details of the current situation of Article 9, it becomes apparent that this reinterpretation presents no new threat to the East Asian region. International relations theory, specifically the theories of liberalism and realism, will be used to justify the reasons why, despite the reinterpretation, Japan will be no more of a threat to the region than it is currently. Though Japan’s actions and decisions display elements of both liberalism and realism, liberalism better explains why Japan reinterpreted Article 9 to allow for collective self-defense after decades of resistance.
Senior Thesis written by Mitchem Zimber in 2015, partially in English and partially in Japanese, titled "COLLECTIVE SELF-DEFENSE: WHY THE REINTERPRETATION OF ARTICLE 9 OF THE JAPANESE CONSTITUTION WILL NOT LEAD TO THE REVIVAL OF IMPERIAL JAPAN"
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